7 Cost Effective Backend Technologies in 2023

Author: Sadman Sakib,

Sadman Sakib is a dedicated and passionate tech professional who currently works at a tech-related company. He is a talented and dedicated tech professional who is committed to pushing the boundaries of what is possible in the industry.

Published: April 2, 2023

Modified: May 11, 2023

Cost Effective Backend Technologies

Backend technologies are foremost for the development of regular software projects. Whether you are the founder of a company, the IT director, or a corporate decision-maker, choosing the appropriate backend technology is essential to the success of your project.

Although consumer demands and preferences are increasingly taken into account during software development, the backend is what powers the product. The backend is a component of the software solution that is referred to as being "behind the scenes" and that emphasizes the app structure and serves as a link between the front end and the database. 

Web and mobile apps lack sustainability, usability, and performance in the absence of superior backend technology. Well-picked backend technology can provide scalability, operating speed, and immediate client response. Now let's have a look at the most cost-effective backend technologies in 2023-






The most widely used and well-liked programming language worldwide is  JavaScript. JavaScript has won the top spot as the most popular programming technology in Stack Overflow's annual surveys for the past eight years in a row. You can carry out server-side activities using JavaScript programming language with the support of Node.js. It's important to note, however, that Node.js functions as a platform and primarily makes use of Express.js as its server-side framework.


Features of JavaScript


Rapid Development: This scripting language makes it quicker and simpler to create mobile and web-based applications.


Cost Efficient: Backend programming in JavaScript works quite efficiently. Both the client-side and server-side coding of applications are created using the same language.


Community: Without community involvement and feedback, the potential for changes decreases. Since JavaScript is an open-source project, backend developers are constantly eligible for evaluation. Such evaluations help you enhance your backend coding as well.




Dutch programmer Guido van Rossum developed Python, a popular all-purpose language, in 1991. Python ought to be included on the greatest backend technologies list without a doubt. Python is the most often used backend technology, even though JavaScript is the most popular programming language overall. 


Python helps backend programmers create logical and explicit scripts since it has a fundamental competency for writing clear and understandable code. Additionally, it continues to hold the third spot among the most favored programming technologies.


Features of Python


Comprehending and Coding is Easy: Python's readability characteristic is its main strength. Python's exact scripting really makes it simple to learn and code for both programmers and beginners.


Comprehensive Libraries:  The comprehensive libraries are downloaded by the backend programming technology. These libraries contain codes for browsers, email, databases, regular expressions, and unit testing, among other things. In other words, backend developers no longer need to manually write every line of code thanks to the help of large libraries.


Cost Efficient: Python is free and open-source. The ability to access free large libraries and other sources for their projects gives developers and businesses more flexibility.




Another language for the backend of web development is Ruby. Ruby is mostly used for prototyping and supports many programming techniques. It is also very simple to learn. It was designed in the 1990s by Japanese computer scientist Yukihiro Matsumoto. This scripting language resembles Python, Java, and Perl in several ways. Due to its object-oriented, scalability, and flexible programming characteristics, Ruby is used as the backend scripting platform by technology companies like Esty, Airbnb, and Shopify.


Features of Ruby


Efficient: Ruby is a widely popular backend technology because of its quick, legible code and accessibility to third-party libraries. With Ruby, developers often require less separate documentation.


Metaprogramming: Ruby supports metaprogramming as well. Ruby code is scripted by the developer in metaprogramming, and the program then displays the other code. It is simple to script quickly using adaptable techniques like ghost methods, introspection, and macros.


Rapid and steady: When writing code, Ruby requires 40% less time than other backend scripting languages. Requests can be made quickly, as can the following phases in the workflow. In the same sense, Ruby's object-oriented features make it more resilient. 




Rasmus Lerdorf introduced PHP, a popular server-side programming language, in 1994. Most websites utilize this open-source backend technology. According to a recent W3Techs report, PHP is used as server-side technology by about 79.1% of websites on the internet.


It's simple to utilize and edit database data with this all-purpose scripting language. The availability of numerous contemporary frameworks, large community,  strong codebase, and simple deployment all significantly enhance the value of this technology.


PHP is commonly used for web development and is compatible with Windows, Linux, macOS, Unix, and other operating systems. For a seamless development process, PHP developers contend that MySQL and Linux Apache should be used with PHP. 


Features of PHP


Independent Platform and Open Source: There are several free PHP libraries available online. They may be used by coders for quick backend development. Although PHP is largely supported by operating systems like Windows, Linux, etc., PHP web applications can operate on any platform.


Cost Efficient: The availability of free and open-source communities makes PHP coding very simple. Because of this, hiring a PHP backend developer is affordable. According to the 2020 Stack Overflow Developer Survey, it also holds the second-to-last position among the top-paid technologies in the United States.


Programming is Easy: PHP frameworks enable developers to make use of object-relational mapping (ORM) solutions rather than writing extensive SQL code. For developers, writing server-side functions is also made simple by the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture.




To create feature-rich online apps, developers frequently use Java, a 25-year-old language. According to the TIOBE Index, Java is among the most potent backend technologies and ranks second. This programming technique was created by James Gosling in 1991, although Sun Microsystems officially released it in 1995. Java may also be used to write software for microcontrollers and mobile devices.


Features of Java


Easily Scalable & Simple: Because it allows for several instances of service requests, Java EE is very scalable. It is also straightforward for developers to utilize this backend language because of the rapid accessibility of Java components and clear syntax technology.


Libraries That are Open Source: There are several open-source Java libraries available, including those for JSON parsing, messaging, PDF, unit testing, and excel. These tools can help Java developers do their server-side activities more quickly.


Safety: Java provides excellent functionality to reduce security threats. To identify and lower the danger of viruses, Java Virtual Machines also inspect bytecodes in java. The Java security model and testing of reusable programs also benefit developers in preventing security concerns. 




A more advanced version of the C language is C++. Classes were added to C++. The C language lacked this class notion or object-oriented programming earlier. In order to write organized code using classes and defining their connections, object-oriented programming is essential for every programming language in the present world.


 The majority of embedded systems and system programming are done in C++, one of the first programming languages. Low-level languages like C++ can communicate with hardware resources. It is used for Applications like games, operating systems, database software, etc. 


Features of C++


Platform Independence: One of the essential characteristics of C++ programs is platform independence. Applications written in C++ may run on a variety of platforms and operating systems.


Programming is Object Oriented: C++ makes up for the lack of object-oriented programming capability in the C language. With structured programming, this feature makes the language more effective and simple to code.


Low-level Language: Low-level and closely related to the system, C++. As a result, the majority of embedded systems are created using C++, which allows for direct hardware resource interaction. 




Kotlin is a backend programming language that is used to develop Android applications. The development of Android applications by Kotlin is replacing Java, and demand for it is rising daily. Kotlin is used by more than 60% of Android app developers in the backend.


Kotlin seamlessly integrates with Java & JVM. In 2011, JetBrains released Kotlin as a backend programming language for Android apps. It has since grown in popularity among programming languages in the field of computer science.



Features of Kotlin


Concise Code: Compared to other languages, programmers can tackle more complex issues with fewer lines of code.


Maintenance is Easy: Kotlin's clear code makes it easier for programmers to read and manage the code.


Compatible With Java: Java and this programming language are fully compatible. To convert to Kotlin, programmers don't have to overhaul the entire undertaking. You may include new capabilities into your Kotlin project using any and all Java tools and technologies. 


The core of the software development process is backend technology. The elegant design and user-friendly interface provided by front-end coding languages won't be sufficient without back-end programming expertise. 


The backend is what enables a website or program to run properly, and be responsive, quick, and efficient. For backend development, there are many modern technologies and tools accessible. However, each technology has a special function and needs to be carefully matched with the project's unique goals. But it's that crucial component that gives each software program its primary functionality.